Sparring is possibly the most important part of any Taekwondo student's training. On this section of the site I am going to focus on pre-arranged sparring but first I think it's important to understand the different forms of sparring and how they relate to one another.
Newer students might not consider the patterns of Taekwondo as sparring, but that is exactly what they are. When you perform a pattern you are sparring with a varying number of imaginary opponents coming at you from all directions. It's important to have this in mind when performing any pattern. Visualise the imaginary opponents, block their attacks and knock them down!
Most WTF Taekwondo clubs will practise this in one form or another. Pre-arranged sparring acts as a natural mid point between Poomse and Free Sparring (Jayo Qurogee). The basic premise is that both combatants are aware in advance of what the attacker will do. The first attack should come from a right handed, or right legged assault. In some circumstances the defender will improvise and defend/counter attack as they see fit, although they should then use the same techniques when attacked with the left. Some instructors will give their students a set piece defense/counter attack to use and I have listed the ones I have learnt in this section of the site. They are split into One Step Sparring (Hanbon Qurogee), Two Step Sparring (Eebon Qurogee) and Three Step Sparring (Sebon Qurogee).
Of course, knowing exactly what your opponent is going to do will not happen in Competition Sparring (Macho Qurogee) or in the street. Free Sparring (Jayo Qurogee) gives the Taekwondo student the opportunity to really test the effectiveness of their offensive and defensive techniques.